ASSESSMENT OF ACUTE PAIN IN CATS BASED ON CHANGES IN FACIAL EXPRESSIONS

Facial expressions of pain in cats: the development and validation of a Feline Grimace Scale.

Grimace scales have been used for pain assessment in different species. This study aimed to develop and validate the Feline Grimace Scale (FGS) to detect naturally-occurring acute pain.

 

 

TRAINING MANUAL

SOURCE: WSAVA

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