- Veterinary science in recent years has made significant progress in dealing with incidents involving pets (dog, cat). Progress is not only in the knowledge gained but also in the diagnostic techniques applied on a daily basis. The most well-known and widely used imaging technique is X-ray. In recent years, however, diagnostic ultrasound has become an imaging technique that, due to its advantages, is becoming increasingly popular among veterinarians and small pet owners.
- Ultrasound is a very high frequency sound, greater than what the human ear can hear. As the ultrasound is emitted, it enters the animal’s body and part of it is absorbed, another part of it is refracted and the rest is reflected and returned to the device that emits the ultrasound. The reflected ultrasound beam is then properly processed and allows us to display on the screen the internal organs of the animal’s body.
- Before each ultrasound, it is necessary to cut the animal, because the sound waves of the ultrasound can not penetrate its fur. Then, in order to have the best possible contact of the instrument that produces the sounds with the animal’s body, a water-soluble gel is used, which at the same time allows the best propagation of the ultrasound in the animal.
- Ultrasound is a painless technique that rarely requires the use of a sedative and whose advantages include the possibility of performing a targeted biopsy. In this case we direct the biopsy needle to the instrument or to the lesion that we are interested in as we observe its course on the computer screen.
- It should be emphasized, and this is a very important advantage compared to radiography and computed tomography, that there is no evidence of harmful biological effects from the use of ultrasound, which is confirmed by many years of experience in their use in obstetrics. human.
- Ultrasound can show the liver, spleen, kidneys, bladder, prostate, testicles, uterus, ovaries, intestine, pancreas, adrenal glands, heart and eyes. In addition, pregnancy can be diagnosed from the 21st day of pregnancy.